Around 100 million Americans have already cast their ballots in the United States, a record turnout, while 60 million people will vote on Election Day, November 3, according to the US Election Project. November 3 will decide the next president of the country, where Americans will either choose Republican Donald Trump for another four years or elect Democrat Joe Biden to the White House for the first time.

Michael McDonald, Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida, who is heading the US Election Project that tracks early voting, said approximately 160 million people casting their votes in US presidential elections is a record in terms of turnout since 1900. 

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According to the US Election Project, nearly 239  million people in the US are eligible to vote. 

"It appears likely that around 100 million early votes will be cast by the time Tuesday morning reports are processed," McDonald said on the eve of election day.  He said the voter turnout will be higher than 2016 as some states have already exceeded their last elections turnout or are close to doing so.

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Hawaii, Texas and Montana have already exceeded 2016 voter turnout, while North Carolina, Georgia, New Mexico, Nevada and Tennessee have already witnessed a record early voting that has crossed more than 90% of last elections turnout.

Early votes in the last couple of elections have looked very Democratic, McDonald told CNN in an interview.

Examining each state in turn, and rolling up the state estimates to a national estimate, I arrive at a total turnout rate of 160.2 million votes, or a turnout rate for those eligible to vote of 67.0 per cent," McDonald wrote in his blog post on Monday. 


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The early votes indicate that there has been a swing to the Democrats since 2016 that should benefit Biden, McDonald said, adding that, the swing is not uniform as he closest states in 2016 -- Florida and North Carolina -- appear to be close again.