Amazon Quiz: Which of the following comprises six member countries, namely India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam?

Options: 

1. SAARC

2. Mekong–Ganga Cooperation

3. BIMSTEC

4. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

Answer: Mekong–Ganga Cooperation

The Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC) is a six-country project involving India and five ASEAN countries: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. It focuses on tourism, culture, education, transportation, and communications. It debuted in Vientiane, Lao PDR, in the year 2000.

The Ganga and the Mekong are both civilizational rivers, and the MGC programme strives to bring people living in these two main river basins closer together. The MGC also reflects the cultural and commercial ties that have existed between the MGC's member nations over the years.

The first MGC Ministerial Meeting took place in Vientiane from November 9 to 13, 2000. The Vientiane Declaration on MGC, which covers collaboration in the four traditional sectors, was released. The Hanoi Programme of Action (HPA), a comprehensive Work Programme for six years (July 2001 to July 2007), including concrete cooperation activities in the four traditional sectors, was adopted during the 2nd MGC Ministerial Meeting in Hanoi on July 28, 2001.

In addition to the 900 scholarships previously awarded each year, India announced 50 new ITEC scholarships for MGC nations in the fields of culture, tourism, engineering, management, teacher training, film directing, sound, lighting, and stage management.

The establishment of new software development and training centres has been announced. Existing capacity-building programmes in law enforcement, financial markets, ICT, and space were also revealed to augment the needs of MGC partners.

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