Diabetes’ affect on females, causes, tips to manage
- Diabetes is a metabolic disorder
- It puts a women's overall wellbeing at risk
- Women who have diabetes have increased chances of suffering a heart attack
Diabetes is a common disease that results in high blood glucose. It is more common in men than women, it can end up causing more serious complications and pose a greater risk of death in woman. Diabetes puts a female’s overall wellbeing susceptible to heart disease, kidney disease, blindness, depression, UTIs and infertility problems.
It becomes all the more important for females to be in the driving seat of their blood sugar levels by following a healthy lifestyle. It can be achieved by consuming a balanced diet and exercising on a regular basis. Lifestyle changes are not just helpful in fighting diabetes, they come with an array of other benefits.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder - it occurs when unusual chemical reactions take place in a person’s body and disrupt’s their internal functioning. Women who suffer from diabetes often experience other issues like vaginal itching, polycystic ovary syndrome, vaginal discharge, decreased sex drive and frequent urination. It can lead to serious complications which need to be managed on a timely basis.
Diabetes also puts women at a greater risk of suffering a heart attack and countless other complications including blindness and depression.
Young women often catch the disease owing to a sedentary lifestyle which causes several menstrual irregularities and lowers fertility rates.
Dr. Nisha Pansare, a Fertility Consultant and Nova IVF Fertility in Pune told Hindustan Times, “Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are associated with menstrual irregularities and lower fertility rates. Now, even young women have been diagnosed with diabetes during their reproductive years owing to sedentary lifestyles. Diabetic women are more prone to infection and damage to reproductive organs like fallopian tubes. High blood glucose levels lead to miscarriage or congenital defects in the fetus. Increased blood glucose and excessive nutrition for the growing fetus can cause macrosomia (big baby syndrome),"
Some tips to manage the disease in women include:
Eating food that is rich fiber such as fresh fruits, green vegetables, whole grains, legumes and lentils.
They should reduce their intake of salt and say no to juices, sweets, colas, sodas and desserts while lowering their consumption of junk, oily, processed and canned foods.
A person must exercise on a daily basis and maintain an optimum weight while keeping a regular check on their blood sugar levels.