General Instructions:

1 This question paper contains two parts:

Part A - Macro Economics (40 marks)

Part B - Indian Economic Development (40 marks).

2 Marks for questions are indicated against each question.

3 Question No. 1-10 and Question No. 18 – 27 (including two Case Based Questions) are 1 mark questions and are to be answered in one word/sentence.

4 Case Based Questions (CBQ’s) are Question No. 7-10 and Question No. 25-27.

5 Question No. 11-12 and Question No. 28 – 29 are 3 marks questions and are to be answered in 60 - 80 words each.

6 Question No. 13-15 and Question No. 30 – 32 are 4 marks questions and are to be answered in 80-100 words each.

7 Question No. 16-17 and Question No. 33 – 34 are 6 marks questions and are to be answered in 100-150 words each.

8 Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limit be adhered to as far as possible.

 

PART A - MACRO ECONOMICS

1 Inventory is a ...................concept whereas the change in inventory is a

...................... concept. (Fill up the blank with correct alternative)

a. stock, flow

b. flow, stock

c. stock, stock

d. flow, flow

Or

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If in an economy the value of Net Factor Income from Abroad is ₹ 200

crores and the value of Factor Income to Abroad is ₹ 40 crores. Identify the

value of Factor Income from Abroad. (Choose the correct alternative)

a) ₹ 200 crores b) ₹ 160 crores

c) ₹ 240 crores d) ₹ 180 crores

2 In the present COVID-19 times, many economists have raised their

concerns that Indian economy may have to face a deflationary situation, due

to reduced economic activities in the country.

Suppose you are a member of the high powered committee constituted by

the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

You have suggested that as the supervisor of commercial banks, ................

(restriction/release) of the money supply be ensured, by the Reserve Bank

of India (RBI). (Choose the correct alternative)

3 Supply of money refers to……................. (Choose the correct alternative)

a. currency held by the public

b. currency held by Reserve Bank of India (RBI)

c. currency held by the public and demand deposits with commercial

banks

d. currency held in the government account 1

4 Identify the correct pair of formula from the following column I and II:

(Choose the correct alternative)

Column I Column II

A Current Account Surplus i. Receipts < Payments

B Current Account Surplus ii. Receipts > Payments

C Balance Current Account iii. Receipts ≠ Payments

D Current Account Deficit iv. Receipts ≤ Payments

Alternatives:

a) A - i b) B - ii c) C - iii d) D - iv 1

5 Identify which of the following statements is true? (Choose the correct

alternative)

a. The flexible exchange rate system gives the government more  

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flexibility to maintain large stocks of foreign exchange reserves.

b. In the Managed floating exchange rate system, the government

intervenes to buy and sell foreign currencies.

c. In the Managed floating exchange rate system, the central bank

intervenes to moderate exchange rate fluctuations.

d. In the Fixed exchange rate system, market forces fix the exchange

rate.

6 An Indian real estate company receives rent from Google in New York. This

transaction would be recorded on………………..side of

……………..account. (Fill up the blanks with correct alternative)

a. credit, current c. debit, capital

b. credit, capital d. debit, current 1

Read the following news report and answer Questions 7-10 on the basis

of the same:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), cut Repo Rate to 4.4%, the lowest in at

least 15 years. Also, it reduced the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) maintained

by the banks for the first time in over seven years. CRR for all banks was

cut by 100 basis points to release ₹ 1.37 lakh crores across the banking

system. RBI governor Dr. Shaktikanta Das predicted a big global recession

and said India will not be immune. It all depends how India responds to the

situation. Aggregate demand may weaken and ease core inflation.

The Economic Times; March 27th, 2020

7 Cut in Repo rate by RBI is likely to……….. (increase/decrease) the demand

for goods and services in the economy. (choose the correct alternative)  

8 Decrease in Cash Reserve Ratio will lead to…...........…

(choose the correct alternative)

a. fall in aggregate demand c.rise in aggregate demand

b. no change in aggregate demand d. fall in general price level

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9 The difference by which actual Aggregate Demand exceeds the Aggregate

Demand, required to establish full employment equilibrium is known

as……….………(inflationary gap/deflationary gap).

(choose the correct alternative)

10 The impact of „Excess Demand‟ under Keynesian theory of income and

employment, in an economy are: (choose the correct alternative)

a. decrease in income, output, employment and general price level

b. decrease in nominal income, but no change in real output

c. increase in income, output, employment and general price level

d. no change in output/employment but increase in general price level.  

11. State with valid reason, which of the following statement is true or false:

a. Gross Value Added at market price and Gross Domestic Product at

market price are one and the same thing.

b. Intermediate goods are always durable in nature.

12 State, giving valid reasons, whether the following statements are true or

false:

a. Current account in Balance of Payments records only the exports and

imports of goods and services.

b. Borrowings from abroad are recorded in the Capital Account of the

Balance of Payments on the debit side.

Or

„Trade Deficit must exist if a country is facing a situation of Current

Account Deficit‟.

Defend or refute the statement, with valid argument.

3

3

13 a. Define money multiplier.

b. „Credit creation is inversely related to the reserve deposit ratio‟.

Justify the given statement, using a hypothetical example.

 

14 In an economy C= 200 + 0.5 Y is the consumption function where C is the

consumption expenditure and Y is the national income. Investment

expenditure is ₹ 400 crores.

Is the economy in equilibrium at an income level ₹1500 crores? Justify your

answer.

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Or

Define: i) Ex-Ante Savings ii) Full Employment 2+2

15 „India‟s GDP contracted 23.9% in the April-June quarter of 2020-21 as

compared to same period of 2019-20, suggesting that the lockdown has hit

the economy hard‟. The Hindustan Times, 1st September 2020

State and discuss any two fiscal measures that may be taken by the

Government of India to correct the situation indicated in the above news

report.

16 a. „Domestic/household services performed by a woman may not be

considered as an economic activity‟.

Defend or refute the given statement with valid reason.

b. „Compensation to the victims of a cyclone is an example of a welfare

measure taken by the government‟.

State with valid reason, should it be included/not included in the

estimation of national income of India.

Or

Suppose the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nation X was ₹ 2,000 crores

in 2018-19, whereas the Gross Domestic Product of Nation Y in the same

year was ₹ 120,000 crores. If the Gross Domestic Product of Nation X rises

to ₹ 4,000 crores in 2019-20 and the Gross Domestic Product of Nation Y

rises to ₹ 200,000 crores in 2019-20.

Compare the rate of change of GDP of Nations X and Y, taking 2018-19 as

base year.

17 a. Elaborate the objective of „allocation of resources‟ in the

Government budget.

b. Discuss briefly how the Government budget can be used as an

effective tool in the process of employment generation.

PART B - INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

18 …………….was the Indian Finance Minister in 1991, acknowledged for his

capabilities to steer away the economic crisis looming large on the erstwhile

Indian Economy. (Choose the correct alternative)

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a. Dr. Subramanian Swamy c. Pranab Mukherjee

b. Dr. Manmohan Singh d. Dr. Urjit Patel  

19 India entered the …………………………..stage of Demographic Transition

after the year 1921. (Choose the correct alternative)

a. forth b. second c. third d. first  

20 Read the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose

one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): India became an exporter of primary products and an

importer of finished consumer and capital goods produced in Britain.

Reason (R): Restrictive policies of commodity production, trade and tariff

pursued by the colonial government adversely affected the structure,

composition and volume of India‟s foreign trade.

Alternatives:

a. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the

correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the

correct explanation of Assertion (A)

c. Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false.

d. Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true.

Or

Read the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose

one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): The major policy initiatives i.e. land reforms and green

revolution helped India to become self-sufficient in food grains production.

Reason (R): The proportion of people depending on agriculture did not

decline as expected

Alternatives:

a. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the

correct explanation of Assertion (A).

b. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the

correct explanation of Assertion (A).

c. Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false.

d. Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true.

21 Read the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose

one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Every year government fixes a target for disinvestment of

Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs).

Reason (R): Disinvestment is an excellent tool for discarding the loss

incurring Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs).

Alternatives:

a. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the

correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the

correct explanation of Assertion (A)

c. Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false.

d. Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true.

22 From the set of events/systems given in column I and corresponding relevant

fact given in column II, about China, choose the correct pair of statement:

Column I Column II

A Great Leap Forward i Cultivating land Collectively

B Commune System ii Opening of the Industries in their homes

C Proletarian Cultural

revolution

iii Students were sent to work and learn

from the countryside

D Economic Reforms in

China

iv 1988

Alternatives:

a) A - i b) B - ii c) C - iii d) D – iv

23 ……………adopted „One Child Policy‟ as a measure to control

population. (Choose the correct alternative)

a. India c. Pakistan

b. China d. Russia  

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Read, the following hypothetical Case Study, carefully and answer the

question numbers 24 - 27 on the base of the same.

Since ages, farmers in India have taken recourse to debt. In the earlier times

the same was from informal sources. Since independence with the efforts of

the government, formal sector has actively come into picture. Farmers

borrow not only to meet their investment needs but also to satisfy their

personal needs. Uncertainty of income caused by factors likes crop failure

caused by irregular rainfall, reduction in ground water table, locust/other

pest attack etc. These reasons push them into the clutches of the private

money lenders, who charge exorbitant rates of interest which add to their

miseries.

Various governments in India, at different times for different reasons,

introduced debt relief/waiver schemes. These schemes are used by

governments as a quick means to extricate farmers from their indebtedness,

helping to restore their capacity to invest and produce, in short to lessen the

miseries of the farmers across India. The costs and benefits of such debt

relief schemes are, however, a widely debated topic among economists.

Some economists argue that such schemes are extremely beneficial to the

poor and marginalised farmers while others argue that these schemes add to

the fiscal burden of the government, others believe that these schemes may

develop the expectation of repeated bailouts among farmers which may spoil

the credit culture among farmers.

24 Uncertainty of income for farmers in India is majorly caused by

…………….. (irregular rainfall/unavailability of loans).

25 Some economists argue that debt waiver schemes are extremely beneficial to

the poor and marginalised farmers, as these schemes reduce the burden of

……………….(indebtedness/personal expenditures)

26 The rural banking structure in India consists of a set of multi-agency

institutions. ……………………… (Regional Rural Banks / Small Industries

Development Bank of India) is expected to dispense credit at cheaper rates

for agricultural purposes to farmers.

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27 ……………………. (Regional Rural Banks/ Land Development Banks) is

the most prominent body responsible for providing loans for long term land

development.  

28 „India has emerged as a hotspot for medical tourism‟. Defend the statement

with valid arguments.

Or

Discuss any two steps taken by the government in the direction of improving

agricultural marketing system in India, since independence.

29 Discuss briefly the concept of 'informalisation of workforce', in the context

of Indian economy.  

30 “Agriculture sector appears to be adversely affected by the economic reform

process.” Explain the given statement.

31 „Atamnirbhar Bharat‟ had been at the roots of the Indian planning process in

the form of „self reliance‟ as an objective of the planning process.

Do you agree with the given statement? Justify the rationale of the given

statement.

Or

Discuss briefly any two major steps taken by the Government of India on

„Financial Sector‟ front under the Economic Reforms of 1991.

32 Compare and analyse the given data of India and China with valid

arguments.

Annual Growth of Gross Domestic Product (%), 1980-2017

COUNTRY 1980-90 2015-2017

India 5.7 7.3

China 10.3 6.8

Source: Key Indicators for Asia and Pacific 2016, Asian Development Bank, Philippines; World

Development Indicators 2018.

33 a. „If the rate of resource extraction exceeds the rate of regeneration, it

leads to reduction in carrying capacity of the environment.”

Discuss the rationale of the given statement with valid reasons.

b. „Calorie-based norm is not an adequate measure to identify the poor.

Establish the rationale of the given statement with valid reasons.

Or

a. Why are less women found in regular salaried employment?

b. Analyse the recent trends in sectoral distribution of workforce in

India:

Trends in Employment Pattern (Sector wise), 1993-2012 (in %)

Sector 1993-94 1999-2000 2011-2012

Primary 64 60.4 24.3

Secondary 16 15.8 24.3

Services 20 23.8 26.8

34 State, giving valid reasons whether the following statements are true or

false.

a. Since independence, the benefits of the increase in economic growth

in India have trickled down to the people at the bottom of population

pyramid.

b. Human Capital Formation gives birth to innovation, invention and

technological improvements.

c. There exists an inverse correlation between infrastructural growth

and national income. 

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