World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14. The primary goal of commemorating this day is to raise global awareness about diabetes. This year’s World Diabetes Day theme is “better access to quality diabetes education,” which is led by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF).

Diabetes alone accounts for 2% of all deaths in India, according to the World Health Organization. It is a chronic illness that affects blood sugar levels and, if not controlled, can lead to a variety of serious health problems. On the occasion of World Diabetes Day, we are debunking some common diabetes myths.

Myth 1: Diabetes is incurable

Diabetes, like cancer, can be cured if detected early. Diabetes treatment is possible if you follow a healthy diet and exercise on a daily basis. Embracing a healthy lifestyle can aid in the prevention of diabetes. Diabetes is always a possibility if you do not manage your blood sugar levels. 

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Myth 2: Diabetes is hereditary 

Diabetes can be caused by a variety of factors, including advanced age, obesity, a low level of physical activity, an insufficient amount of exercise, and inadequate eating habits. Although genetic history is one of the most important factors, it does not always play a role.

Myth 3: Only obese people get diabetes

Although obesity, along with genetics, is a significant contributor to type 2 diabetes, it is not always the cause. Age is definitely a factor, as people aged 45 and up are at a higher risk of getting diabetes, especially if they lead an unhealthy lifestyle. If you are over 45, it is therefore recommended that you test your blood sugars frequently. A family history of diabetes is the greatest risk factor for this condition, but it can also be managed through a healthy and active lifestyle.

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Myth 4: Diabetes causes visible disability 

Blood sugar spikes rarely cause visible disabilities, especially in mild cases. However, more significant symptoms of diabetes include nausea, increased urination, loss of weight, sores that do not heal, and excessive thirst.

Myth 5: Diabetics cannot consume sugar

Sugar can be consumed if blood glucose levels are under control. A diabetes diet is, in fact, no different than a healthy diet. Foods high in saturated fat, trans fat, sodium, and added sugar should be consumed in moderation, just as they should be for people without diabetes. Whole grains, fruits and vegetables, low-fat and nonfat dairy, and lean proteins should all be included in the diet.