Amazon Quiz: During which war was this weapon first introduced?
Amazon Quiz (August 5, 2021) During which war was this weapon first introduced?
World War I
World War II
French Revolutionary Wars
Answer: World War I
A prototype tank titled Little Willie rolled off the assembly line in England on September 6, 1915. Weighing 14 tons, it ran at only two miles per hour sticking in trenches and crawling over rugged terrains. This was later modified and sent to military battlefields.
The tank was designed and developed in response to World War I trench warfare. British army colonel Ernest Swinton and William Hankey, secretary of the Committee for Imperial Defence, gave the foundational idea of an armored vehicle with conveyor-belt-like tracks over its wheels that could break through enemy lines and traverse difficult territory. A landship committee was assigned the task of designing the prototype of this “land boat” under Winston Churchill. Production workers, however, had no idea what this actually was. They were told it was to be used to carry water to the battlefield. Thus, the name ‘Tank’.
Little Willie was unveiled in September 1915. Due to its subpar performance, it was replaced by ‘Big Wilie’. Big Willie was deemed ready for the battle and had its maiden entry into the Battlefield in the first battle of the Somme near Courcelette, France, on September 15 of the same year. The very first batch of tanks was known as Mark I. It was unwieldy, hot and noisy and further suffered mechanical malfunctions on the battlefield. The Battle of Cambrai in November 1917 saw further design improvements being made. 400 Mark IV’s proved much more successful than the Mark I, capturing 8,000 enemy troops and 100 guns.