KBC 13 Offline Quiz (September 14, 2021): In 1942, which movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi?
A. Quit India Movement
B. Kheda Movement
C. Champaran Movement
D. Swaraj Movement
Answer: Quit India Movement
The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement, was launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, for an end to British rule. Launched during World War II, Gandhi issued a Do or Die call in his speech at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. The Quit India Movement was prompted by the failure of the Cripps Mission to secure Indian support for the British war effort. The All India Congress Committee launched a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called "an orderly British withdrawal" from India, leading to arrest of entire leadership of the Indian National Congress without trial within hours of Gandhi's speech, most of whom would spend the rest of World War II in prison and out of contact with the masses. US President Franklin D Roosevelt pressured Prime Minister Winston Churchill to accept some of the Quit India Movement demands, but the British refused to grant India independence until the end of the war. In 1992, the Reserve Bank of India issued a 1 rupee coin on the Golden Jubilee of the Quit India Movement.
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