KBC 13: The 'Scorched Earth' policy in Java was followed by whom?
KBC Offline Quiz (November 26, 2021): The 'Scorched Earth' policy in Java was followed by whom?
The Scorched Earth policy is an extreme warfare strategy that involves quite literally “scorching” whatever remains on a particular piece of land. This is done so that the enemy cannot use anything that might be useful for an attack against the other army.
The Dutch followed this strategy to stop the Japanese from using wood and timber in their own war.
The policy devastates entire masses of nature, wildlife, food and resources.
The Soviets also used this strategy against the Germans, by scorching and destroying bridges, crops and factories. Ancient Romans, Greeks and Armenians have also used this military strategy.
American Civil war US Army general William Tecumseh Sherman said that the scorched earth policy is the best way to win a war as it completely nullifies the enemy’s ability to even wage a war.
In a war against the Japanese, the Dutch destroyed mills and burned huge amounts of wood logs to save themselves against a Japanese attack.
This extreme policy has devastating repercussions for the civilian population left behind. People die, lose access to basic needs like food and shelter.
The term “scorched earth” is often used in business terminology as well, to make a company seem extremely unattractive to a potential acquirer.
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