KBC 13: Which of the following is a Kharif Crop? 

a. Cotton 

b. Ragi 

c. Jowar 

d. All of the above 

Answer: d. All of the above 

Kharif crops, monsoon crops or autumn crops are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the Indian subcontinent's monsoon season, which lasts from June to November depending on the area. Monsoon rains may begin as early as May in some parts of the Indian subcontinent, and crops are generally harvested from the third Week of September to October. Rice, maize, and cotton are some of the major Kharif crops in India. The opposite of the Kharif crop is the Rabi crop, which is grown in the winter. 

The words Kharif and rabi both have their origins in the Arabic language. These came to be used in India with the ascent of the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent and have been widely used ever since. Kharif literally means "autumn" in Arabic.The sowing happens during monsoon and reaping happens close to Autumn in the Indian subcontinent; this proximity to Autumn reap season is called the Kharif period.

The Kharif season varies by crop and region, starting at the earliest in May and ending at the latest in January. In India, the season is popularly considered to start in June and end in October. Kharif crops are usually sown at the beginning of the first rains during the advent of the south-west monsoon season, and they are harvested at the end of monsoon season (October–November). These crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater as well as its timing. Too much, too little, or rain at the wrong time may lay waste to the whole year's efforts. Rice is the most important Kharif crop of India. It is grown in rain-fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. 

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