Amazon Quiz (June 2, 2022): The Minsk Protocol is an agreement which sought to end war in which country?
The Minsk Protocol, also known as the Minsk agreements, was drafted by the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine, consisting of Ukraine, Russia, and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), in 2014 in a bid to bring an end to the conflict in the eastern Donbas region of the country.
The agreement failed to bring an end to the fighting and was followed up by a revised, updated agreement in 2015, called Minsk II.
While the signing of Minsk II did lead to a reduction in fighting, the conflict never ended completely, and was reignited again when Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his troops into Ukraine on February 24, 2022, vowing to “demilitarize” and “denazify” the eastern European country.
Despite gaining significant ground in the initial stages of the ongoing war, Russian forces were held by stiff Ukrainian resistance, and retreated from the Kyiv region. Since then, Russia has focussed its entire strength on what Putin has described as the “liberation” of Donbas, but even then, Russia has yet to celebrate a significant military victory.
While Moscow’s forces have captured the southern port city of Mariupol, Russia has yet to capture any of Ukraine’s major cities, despite concentrating all its might on Donbas, where two self-proclaimed republics – the Donetsk People’s Republic and the Luhansk People’s Republic – have been recognized as independent from Ukraine by Moscow.
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