What is Roe v. Wade?
SCOTUS overturned Roe v Wade on Friday
The case was in court in 1973
Roe v. Wade challenged restriction of abortions
The Supreme Court on Friday voted to reverse Roe v Wade, constitutional protections for abortion that had been in place nearly 50 years. The outcome is expected to lead to abortion bans in roughly half the states.
Roe v. Wade was a case in the United States Supreme Court that played a crucial role in the future of women's right to get an abortion and determined how far the country's law can dictate its terms in related matters. The case was in the judicial pipelines of the United States in 1973, according to American law institutions.
The decades-old case involved a statute in the state of Texas that was aimed to restrict abortions while providing the exceptions of performing the procedure when it was needed to save the life of a pregnant woman.
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According to reports from Cornell law, the fundamental right of a woman to decide whether or not she wants to terminate the pregnancy included physical consequences, for example, the bodily integrity of the woman, and "decisional autonomy".
The Supreme Court, which was presided by Justice Blackmun at the time, divided the period of the pregnancy into three trimesters and passed separate comments on each.
The court said that in the first trimester of the pregnancy the decision to get an abortion was solely in the control of the woman. The second trimester would entail a regulated procedure by the state.
These regulations can dictate how the procedure would be performed in the best interests of the pregnant woman but did not grant the state the power to outlaw the termination, according to reports from Cornell Law.
After the second trimester of the pregnancy, the fetus becomes viable. This means that a heartbeat can now be detected using clinical methods. In this period, according to the Supreme Court ruling, "the state could regulate or outlaw abortions in the interest of the potential life except when necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother", according to reports from Cornell Law.