Whig and Tory, members of the two political parties in England that existed during the region of Charles II. Whig and Tory, two-term introduced in 1679 during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, Duke of York from the succession.

Whig, a Scottish Gaelic term applied to horse thieves and later to Scottish Presbyterians, connoted rebellion and applied to those who claim the power of excluding the heir. While on the other hand Tory, an Irish term suggesting a pepist outlaw and was applied to those who supported the heredity right of James, despite his faith in Roman Catholic.

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