Abdul Ghaffar Khan, born in the year 1980 is popularly known as the Frontier Gandhi. He was a Pakhtun or Pathan from a northwest frontier and a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
Gaffar Khan followed the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence because it resonated with Islam. He opposed the idea of homogenising political Islam presented by Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s Muslim League, that is why he supported the Congress and battled against the Muslim League and Communalism.
He is also known as the founder of the Red Shirt Movement (Khudai Khitmatgar) among the Pashtun, which espoused non-violent nationalist agitation in support of Indian Independence.
Abdul Gaffar Khan died on January 20, 1988