The eldest son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Dara Shukoh, translated the Holy scriptures of the Bhagavad Gita to the Persian Language. Dara Shukoh was supposed to be the successor to the Mughal throne and was favoured by his father and his sister Princess Jahanara Begum. However, Aurangzeb forcefully took over the Mughal throne from his father before Dara Shukoh could contest for it.
Dara Shukoh believed that the teachings in the Hindu and Islamic scriptures have a similar underlying thought. He translated the Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads to the Persian script with help from Hindu pandits.