Women constitute almost over 49%, almost half of the World's total population, according to our world in data. However, the condition of women is still deplorable in many countries and it is evident in everyday news headlines reporting instances of rapes, assault, and discrimination. August 26 is observed as Women's Equality Day to raise awareness about women's rights in the world and create sensitivity towards gender.

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Women's Equality Day is commemorated in the United States to mark the ratification of the nineteenth amendment of the US constitution, which guaranteed American women their right to vote. The right was the outcome of a long, peaceful movement led by women.

History of Women's Equality Day

During the 50th anniversary of the 19th amendment on August 26, 1970, the National Organization for Women (NOW) called for a 'strike for equality,' a nationwide demonstration by women in favour of equal rights.

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Perturbed by the protest, the US Congress established August 26 as 'Women’s Equality Day' in 1971, at the request of Bella Abzug. The proposal was approved in 1973.

The celebration of Women's Equality Day is declared by the President of the United States every year. The day becomes all the more special this year as the US has its first woman Vice President, Kamala Harris, on the chair. 

Significance

Women’s Equality Day not only honours the 19th Amendment’s passage but is a day to address various women issues and struggles they face.

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Over the last century, women have been subjected to discrimination and harassment on various lines solely because of the gender that they belong from.

Today, women’s equality entails far more than simply having the right to vote. It demands the right to equal opportunities, equal pay, safety, health, as well as to stand against suppression and violence directed at women, as well as the discrimination and stereotyping that still exist in every society.