World Heart Day: Three easy ways to keep your young heart healthy
- September 29 is observed as World Heart Day every year
- The theme for World Heart Day 2021 is 'Use heart to connect'
- Cardiovascular diseases are among the leading causes of deaths across the world
September 29 is observed as World Heart Day across the world. The day is observed to raise awareness about heart health and discuss ways to keep this critical organ free of disease. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of deaths and often claim young victims. Consequently, it becomes important to maintain constant vigil on the condition of one’s heart and maintain a lifestyle that keeps the heart healthy for a long time.
Cardiovascular disease killed nearly 17.9 million people in 2016, making up for 31% deaths globally. Of these, 85% people died of heart attacks and strokes. In India, 27% of all deaths were due to cardiovascular diseases. Diseases of the heart are also responsible for 45% deaths in the 45 to 69 age-group. The theme of World Heart Day 2021 is “Use heart to connect — Harnessing the power of digital health to improve awareness, prevention and management of cardiovascular disease”.
So how does one take care of one’s heart and avoid the heartbreak of cardiovascular disease? Follow these five easy steps.
Proper, suitable exercise
Having a balanced lifestyle is critical to a health heart. It is important to eat well and ensure proper, suitable exercise. Experts say that it is important to exercise 45 minutes a day five times a week. However, one should be careful with the exercises one picks up as young people also tend to suffer from exercise-induced cardiomyopathy, a condition in which a cardiac muscle dysfunction leads to heart failure.
Maintaining a healthy diet
A good and balanced diet is key to a healthy heart. An excess of carbohydrates and fat in the diet leads to an excess of glucose metabolism. This in turn causes the arteries to get blocked, which may lead to heart attacks. Further, too much protein can create a load on kidneys which leads to high blood pressure, which too can lead to heart attacks.
Young people often work long hours, get stressed out and are unable to sleep well or eat at the right times. A hefty intake of sugar, coffee and cigarettes are often used to manage the stress of the job. People keep piling on weight and are not careful about their heart health. These often lead to a gradual weakening of the heart which may not be visible immediately. Diagnosis can often be delayed in such cases and lead to fatal outcomes.