Amazon Quiz (August 4): The Emperor who ordered the construction of this site belonged to which dynasty?
The Great Wall of China is a network of fortifications constructed across the historical northern frontiers of ancient Chinese states and Imperial China to protect them against numerous nomadic populations from the Eurasian Steppe.
Several walls were constructed as early as the seventh century BC, with select portions being connected together by Qin Shi Huang (220-206 BC), China’s first emperor. Little of the Qin wall has survived. Later, many consecutive kingdoms constructed and maintained numerous lengths of border walls. The best-known sections of the wall were erected by the Ming dynasty (1368–1644).
Aside from defence, the Great Wall has served additional objectives such as border control, permitting the application of tariffs on products transported over the Silk Road, trade regulation or encouragement, and immigration and emigration control.
Furthermore, the Great Wall’s defensive properties were increased by the establishment of watchtowers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signalling capabilities via smoke or fire, and the fact that the Great Wall’s course also served as a transportation channel.
Different dynasties completed multiple courses of border walls. They range from Liaodong in the east to Lop Lake in the west, from the current Sino-Russian border in the north to the Tao River (Taohe) in the south, along an arc that roughly delineates the boundary of the Mongolian steppe, covering a total distance of 21,196.18 km. Today, the Great Wall’s defence structure is widely regarded as one of the most spectacular architectural marvels in history.
Also read: Amazon Quiz: Name this gemstone