What musical instrument has been depicted in this visual?
The saxophone is a single-reed woodwind instrument with a conical body that is commonly made of brass. The sound is produced, like with all single-reed instruments, when a reed on a mouthpiece vibrates, creating a sound wave inside the instrument’s body. The pitch is regulated by changing the effective length of the tube by opening and closing perforations in the body. Leather pads attached to keys controlled by the player shut the holes. Saxophones come in a variety of sizes and are virtually always used as transposing instruments. Saxophonists are those who play the saxophone.
Classical music (such as concert bands, chamber music, solo repertoire, and occasionally orchestras), military bands, marching bands, jazz (such as large bands and jazz combinations), and current music all use the saxophone. In some types of rock & roll and popular music, the saxophone is also employed as a solo and melody instrument or as a member of a horn section.
Adolphe Sax, a Belgian instrument manufacturer, designed the saxophone in the early 1840s and patented it on June 28, 1846. Sax created two groups of seven instruments each, one with instruments in C and F and the other with instruments in B and E. The B and E instruments quickly became prominent, and the majority of saxophones found today are from this series. Instruments from the C and F series never got a foothold and formed just a small percentage of Sax’s production.
High Pitch (sometimes labelled “H” or “HP”) saxophones tuned sharper than the (concert) A = 440 Hz standard were made until the early twentieth century for sound qualities appropriate for outdoor use, but are no longer playable to modern tuning and are considered obsolete. Low Pitch (sometimes spelled “L” or “LP”) saxophones have the same tuning as current instruments. During the early twentieth century, C soprano and C melody saxophones were created for the casual market as parlour instruments, while saxophones in F were introduced in the late 1920s but never achieved appeal.
The modern saxophone family is entirely made up of B and E instruments. The most commonly used saxophones are the B soprano, E alto, B tenor, and E baritone. When available, the E sopranino and B bass saxophones are commonly employed in larger saxophone choir settings.
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