.New Delhi, Delhi, India
IIRS aboard Chandrayan-2 can distinguish between water and hydroxyl (Photo: Unsplash/Representational)

  • ISRO’s homemade Imaging Infrared Spectrometer has detected water, hydroxyl molecules on Moon
  • The instrument is aboard Chandrayaan-2
  • IIRS has the ability to distinguish between water and hydroxyl

.Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Chandrayaan - 3, a crucial mission for ISRO. (Photo Credit: ISRO)

  • India’s lunar mission was hampered due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic
  • Chandraayan - 3 realisation resumed after the lockdown was lifted
  • The launch of Chandrayaan - 3 has been rescheduled 

.New Delhi, Delhi, India
Chandrayaan-2 was launched to map the variation in the surface composition of the Moon for the presence of water. (Photo Credits: Representational/ NASA)

  • Chandrayaan-2 mission was launched on July 22, 2019
  • It is India's second lunar mission
  • The mission was hampered after its lander crashed, however, the orbiter still remains functional

.New Delhi, Delhi, India
ISRO is India's national space agency headquartered in India. (Photo Credit: Representational Image/Unsplash)

  • ISRO has called for 'Announcement of Opportunities' on Mars Orbiter Mission-2
  • India  previously achieved a successful Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan)
  • ISRO also aims to send three humans to space through  Gaganyaan

.Byalalu, Karnataka, India
ISRO said all instruments of the Chandrayaan-2 are performing well. (Photo Credit: Twitter)

  • Chandrayaan-2 was injected into a lunar orbit on September 2
  • The Orbiter carries eight experiments to address many open questions on lunar science
  • Chandrayaan-2 mission was India's first attempt to land on the lunar surface

.Hawaii, USA
The Moon as viewed by NASA's Mariner 10 in 1973, well before research would find signs of rust on the airless surface. (Photo Credit: NASA)

  • Scientists reviewed data from  Chandrayaan-1 orbiter to come to this conclusion
  • The findings were published in the journal Science Advances
  • Scientists are puzzled because rust is formed in the presence of air and water, while Moon is airless

.New Delhi, Delhi, India
ISRO said said all instruments of the Chandrayaan-2 are performing well. (Photo Credit: Twitter/@isro)

  • Chandrayaan-2 was launched on July 22, 2019 and inserted into the lunar orbit on August 20, 2019
  • The orbiter completed more than 4,400 orbits around the Moon
  • The mission was launched to further expand the knowledge about the moon