The world population is projected to reach 8 billion people on November 15 and India will overtake China as the world’s most populous nation, according to the United Nations’ World Population Prospects 2022 report.

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With a decrease of less than 1% in 2020, the world’s population is currently expanding at its slowest rate since 1950. According to UN estimates, the world’s population will reach 8.5 billion people in 2030 and 9.7 billion by 2050.

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The population is expected to peak in the 2080s at around 10.4 billion people and remain there until 2100. According to the report, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania will account for the majority of the projected population growth up to 2050.

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India will overtake China in terms of population by 2023

Further, there are more than 1.39 billion people living in India today, which is four times larger than the US and more than 20 times larger than the UK, while 1.41 billion people reside in China. India, however, is on track to overtake China in 2023 and reach 1.65 billion people by 2060, with 86,000 babies being born there every day compared to 49,400 in China.

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The effects of the growth will be felt far beyond India’s borders and will put tremendous strain on its resources, economic stability, and society. In India, a nation at the forefront of the climate crisis that already experiences extreme weather 80% of the time, declining resources like water could have a significant impact on the country’s future population patterns.

Moreover, according to the report, the global life expectancy at birth increased by nearly 9 years since 1990, reaching 72.8 years in 2019. The world’s average life expectancy is predicted to reach 77.2 years by 2050. The least developed nations, however, lagged the global average by 7 years in 2021.

Furthermore, according to experts, further temperature increases will have catastrophic effects on a number of countries, spurring increased action to cut greenhouse gas emissions.