In a world dominated and influenced by EDM, and electronic music, the beautiful instruments are losing their prestigious glory and charm.
The replacement of Piano and Tabla with computerised beats and rhythm is gradually waving out the scope and importance of the artists as well as the instrument. The presence of electronic music is leaving behind age-old instruments resulting in the fading away of “gharanas”. The instruments have a charming history of shaping the musical style of Indian classical music, both Carnatic music and Hindustani music. The loss of tradition, lineage, beauty, talent, and culture would be irreversible.
World Music Day honours and celebrates various facets of rhythms, tones, and tunes and also aims to traverse new musical trends from around the world. It also intends to revive traditional music as well. Some of the Instruments are gradually seeping into the pages of History.
Rudra Veena: The mythical instrument traces its association with Lord Shiva and is also known as the “Mother of all instruments”. According to mythology, Lord Shiva created the Rudra Veena taking inspiration from Parvati, his wife. According to oral tradition, Shiva Created the instrument with two Tumba gourds which represented the eyes of Parvati or the goddess of arts and learning, Saraswati. The length of the area between two Tumba is nine fists, which happens to be the distance from the navel to the top of the head. Also, known as Bin, in North India, the instrument is one of the most beautiful instruments of Hindustani music. It happens to be one of the major types of Veena played for its deep bass resonance. The instrument lost its popularity because of the 19th-century surbahar, which allowed the sitar artists to present alap sections of slow dhrupad style raga. Veena Baba aka Dattatreya Rao was one of the well-known exponents of the Rudra Veena.
Mayuri: Har Gobind Singh Ji, the sixth Sikh Guru had a strong association with this instrument. References to the instrument are seen in Kalidas’s Malavikagnimitra. It is shaped like a peacock with actual peacock feathers and is played with a bow made of hoarse hair.
Morchang: It was used in Rajasthan as a percussion instrument in Lok Geet (folk songs). With a history of 1500 years, the instrument was seen in the Rabindra sangeet in Bengal. It consists of a metal ring with two parallel forks attacked, a metal tongue in the middle, fixed to the ring at one end, and free to vibrate at the other.
Yazh: Yazah is an arched harp Tamil Instrument. It is also seen in museums today. The name of the instrument is derived from an animal called Yali.
Nagfani: The instrument is made of brass with a serpent head with a metal tongue. It was associated with holy men and saints. The wind instrument belongs to the Kumaon tradition in Uttarakhand.
Ravanatha: The instrument traces its glory from the lineage of Ravana. It is believed that after Ravana was defeated in Lanka, Hanuman bought it to North India. While it was one of the most popular instruments of that time, it is only restricted to Rajasthani folk music nowadays.
Pena: The instrument belongs to the Meitei community of Manipur and is also known as Bana, Bena, and Tingtelia. It is a mono-string instrument. The instrument which was once played at royal gatherings and was a part of luxurious living, has145 Pena instrument artists are found in Manipur today.