The Platinum Jubilee celebrations of Queen Elizabeth II will be only the ninth such celebration by a British monarch since King George III in 1809. Both she and Queen Victoria, who ruled from 1837 to 1901, have had silver, golden and diamond events to mark their 25th, 50th and 60th years as monarch. But Elizabeth is the only one to celebrate her 70th year on the throne.
Here’s how Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her past jubilees:
1977 Silver Jubilee
This jubilee saw nationwide street parties, with Union Jack flags in abundance.
It is reported that around a million people thronged central London to see the monarch during a carriage procession, while she also made a River Thames boat trip and toured 36 counties of the United Kingdom with her husband, Prince Philip.
The two also travelled an estimated 56,000 miles (90,100 kilometres), visiting Commonwealth countries in Pacific islands, New Zealand, Australia, Canada and the Caribbean.
A limited number of new 25-pence coins were minted and the London Underground’s newest addition was named the Jubilee Line.
“No longer an imperial power, we have been coming to terms with what this means for ourselves and for our relations with the rest of the world,” she said.
Queen Elizabeth also heralded advances in medicine, science, and technology, including television.
But with the UK economy on the skids, not everyone felt like partying.
The Sex Pistols released their anti-authoritarian punk anthem “God Save The Queen”, which was banned by the BBC.
2002 Golden Jubilee
The 1990s were marked by a trio of royal divorces, a fire at Windsor Castle and princess Diana’s death.
That, and a plunge in the popularity of the royal family, led to predictions the event would be a flop.
But the Golden Jubilee defied expectations of cynicism.
The queen lost her sister princess Margaret that February and her 101-year-old mother queen Elizabeth in March, triggering widespread public sympathy.
Street parties again featured in the four-day-long weekend in June.
A Buckingham Palace garden pop concert in front of 12,000 people was crowned by Queen guitarist Brian May playing the national anthem on the roof.
Performers included Paul McCartney, Eric Clapton, Tom Jones, Brian Wilson, Shirley Bassey, Rod Stewart, Tony Bennett, Cliff Richard, and even Ozzy Osbourne.
2012 Diamond Jubilee
The 2012 jubilee came in the same year that London hosted the Olympics and Paralympics.
The June 2-5 celebrations saw a river pageant, beacons lit, a thanksgiving service and a pop concert.
The pageant of as many as 1,000 boats was the largest flotilla on the Thames in 350 years. An estimated 1.2 million people lined the riverbanks to watch, despite torrential rain.
The concert that took place in front of Buckingham Palace, was put together by Take That’s Gary Barlow and featured Kylie Minogue, Robbie Williams, Elton John, Stevie Wonder, Ed Sheeran, Madness and Paul McCartney.
Elizabeth and Philip toured Britain, while other royals visited Commonwealth countries, including Prince Harry, who raced sprint superstar Usain Bolt in Jamaica.
The Houses of Parliament’s clock tower was renamed the Elizabeth Tower and the Olympic Park also took on her name.
The slimmed-down Buckingham Palace balcony appearance featured just Elizabeth, Charles and his family, signalling the monarchy’s future direction.