July 1 marks the appreciation for the doctors of the nation along with the healthcare sector. Indians are believed to have the poorest lung function in the world. According to the study by The Population Urban-rural Epidemiology (PURE), India happens to have the lowest lung function which is 31.3% lower than North America, and Europe. The contributing factor for the low lung function has been low weight at the time of birth, indoor/outdoor air pollution etc. 

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India is also reported to have the highest worldwide prevalence of respiratory diseases. Half of the patients visiting a healthcare practitioner in the nation do for respiratory issues. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is the second deadliest cause of death in India. According to the reports of 2016, 55 million Indians had COPD. The country also happens to be the largest producer and consumer of tobacco in the world, and it contributes to ill lungs. 

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Pollution is another factor contributing to over 2.4 million premature deaths in India, out of which 1.6 million were due to air pollution. Most of the cities in India surpass the standard air quality index listed by the WHO which is AQI of less than 50, an online search displayed dismal quality in India. 

The country also has the highest number of patients with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). The nation witnesses nearly a third of patients with TB in the world. 

According to research, a normal human breathes 10,000 litres of breath daily and it should be treated as important just like any other task. Diagnosing air-borne and lung diseases at early stages could help lower the burden of the healthcare system. The country should improve the system for people trying to quit tobacco addiction, and offer alternatives for those in the tobacco industry. 

Ujwal Bharat Yojana aims to replace solid biomass fuel with LPG and it stands as the act to protect both environment and the lungs. The Ministry of Health and FAMILY welfare has drawn a strategic plan for eradicating TB from the country by 2025. Prevention of overcrowding, improving indoor ventilation, and masking in closed crowded spaces have been the measures proven to work well for TB.