Hindi Diwas is celebrated on September 14 every year. Hindi Diwas is observed to promote Hindi as the Matrabhasha, the mother tongue of India. The day recognizes the significance of the Hindi language and encourages the younger generations to use it more.


The Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi as the official language of India on September 14, 1949, under Article 343. India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decided to celebrate September 14 as Hindi Diwas. 

Article 343 (1) of the Indian constitution states, “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.”

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The day also marks the birth anniversary of Beohar Rajendra Simha, a historian, linguist, and theologian who played an important role in making Hindi the official language of the country. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, and Seth Govind Das also worked tirelessly for the cause alongside Rajendra Simha. 


Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world after Mandarin and English. As per the date on language by the Union government as a part of Census 2011, Hindi is the most spoken language in India. The language accounts for 43.6 percent of the speakers in India. The day not only celebrates the adoption of Hindi as an official language but also aims to honor and promote the language with several cultural festivals and awards including Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar and Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar across the country. 

Numerous Hindi poetry sessions, Hindi essay writing competitions, and speech contests are organized around the nation, especially in schools and institutions. 

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1.   Hindi ke bina main gunga hoon (Without Hindi, I’m voiceless) – Mahatma Gandhi 

2.  Main un logon me se hoon, jo chahte hai aur jinka vichar hai, ki Hindi hi Bharat ki rashtra bhasha ho sakti hai)  (I am one of those who think only Hindi can be India’s national language – Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

3.  A country that does not have the pride of its language and literature cannot be advanced. – Dr Rajendra Prasad