Gluten is a group of proteins mostly found in wheat, barley, rye and other cereals. It adds elasticity in dough and gives it a soft texture that can easily be molded.
While gluten has a few benefits, it often causes digestive problems, autoimmune reactions, and inflammation in some cases. People with celiac disease are advised to cut gluten from their diet.
Many have shifted to a gluten-free diet in recent times. Here are two grains that are gluten free and have ample health benefits-
1. Millet: Known as bajra in India, this grain is a superfood. Rich in fibre, potassium, omega 3 fats and other nutrients, millet lowers blood pressure levels and significantly reduces risk of heart attack and stroke. Due to its alkaline nature, it does not cause heartburn or acidity unlike other grains, and even prevents ageing.
Moreover, millet contains prebiotics that are good for optimal gut health. Prebiotics relieve issues such as bloating, inflammatory bowel, cramps, and more.
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Also rich in fibre, millet can significantly reduce cholesterol and sugar levels. It is a perfect grain to add to your diet if you’re looking to lose weight.
Millet is one of the most healthy grains to consume, and offers various benefits to pregnant women as well. It is a rich source of nutrients that help in foetus development and improve iron levels in the body.
Menstruating women can also consume this superfood, as it regulates the menstrual cycle and helps those suffering from PCOD.
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2. Buckwheat: Also known as ‘kuttu’ in Hindi, this belongs to a group of grains known as pseudo grains. It doesn’t grow as grass but rather is a plant, much like quinoa. Many Indian households incorporate this grain on the fasting days of Navratri.
Loaded with carbohydrates, this grain is perfect for those looking to lose weight as it satiates one’s hunger for a sufficient amount of time. It is also a great source of iron, thus helping in improving iron and haemoglobin levels in the body.
It also promotes strong bones and growth due to its high calcium and magnesium content. It has certain acids that help in regulating hormones in the body.
Furthermore, buckwheat has rich antioxidants that help prevent cancer and boost the immune system. Just like millet, it is a safe and healthy grain option for pregnant women as well, preventing neural birth defects and relieving constipation and high blood pressure during pregnancy.